A budgie’s life span depends on their breed, health, and lineage, and a budgie’s diet plays an essential role in its life. While there is food that can be of nutritional value for a budgie, there are types of food that are not the best for them.
Lettuce, especially iceberg lettuce, has zero nutritional value for a budgie and can cause diarrhea due to the high water content. Hard lettuce, on the other hand, such as romaine lettuce, has more nutritional value and is beneficial to your budgie, if given in moderation.
Don’t get me wrong, it’s highly beneficial to your budgie if you include green leafy vegetables in its diet, but those should be veggies that contain vitamins and minerals, such as broccoli, spinach, kale, chard, celery or carrots.
Can you feed your budgie with lettuce?
You may have read articles where it is safe to give your budgie a little bit of lettuce as a treat, and that is true. However, it is not recommended as a regular part of their diet, even though your budgies might love it.
Lettuce like iceberg lettuce contains too much water and has absolutely no nutritional value for your budgie.
Some budgie owners claim that after feeding their birds with romaine lettuce every now and then, the bird didn’t experience diarrhea, got dehydrated or unwell.
Romaine lettuce is known to have more nutrients than iceberg lettuce, but if you still want to feed your budgie with dark leafy greens, the best choices are spinach, broccoli, peas, bok choy, pak choy or chard.
Some budgie owners have said that lettuce has saved their bird’s life. But how is that so? This still depends on the bird, its health, and diet history.
For instance, if your bird is ill and refuses to eat or drinks hardly anything for days, the chances of your pet dehydrating are really high. Budgies can’t survive for long without water as we show you in this article!
In the last resort, you may be tempted to try anything possible, and believe it or not, there were reports where the sick bird was offered lettuce, and it started nibbling at it and ended up eating it.
So, what I’m trying to say is that you shouldn’t avoid lettuce altogether, especially romaine lettuce since there are times when it can be a helpful food. However, although your budgie might naturally like lettuce, you should avoid feeding it with it daily.
Lettuce nutrition facts
Romaine lettuce is known to be high in fiber. It also contains vitamins A, K, and C, as well as folate, chromium, and manganese. On the other hand, iceberg lettuce isn’t as nutritional as romaine lettuce. It is also much lower in fiber.
When choosing to give lettuce to your bird, you should do that in moderation, and with caution:
- Look for fresh romaine lettuce leaves that are unwilted. Never feed your bird with lettuce that is wilted or discolored
- Always wash the lettuce thoroughly before feeding your budgie with it
- If your budgie shows signs of poor health after consuming lettuce, you should take it immediately to the avian vet
This will give you an idea of the nutritional value of the two types of lettuce:
Iceberg lettuce and nutrients per serving
- Vitamin A 7%
- Vitamin C 3%
- Calcium 1%
- Iron 2%
- Water 96%
Iceberg lettuce also contains small trace amounts of potassium, folate, vitamin K, magnesium, and phosphorus, which means it doesn’t have a lot of nutritional value. On a more positive note, iceberg lettuce is cholesterol-free and low in sodium.
However, even if your budgie might naturally like lettuce, you should avoid feeding it with it.
The only reason why you should feed your budgie with lettuce in small amounts and mixed with other food is when you want to encourage them to eat new food, or as a last resort when your budgie won’t eat or drink anything else.
If your budgie likes lettuce, you can use it to trick him/her to a healthier green leaf, and often substitute its veggie with a different one in the same place in the cage, so he/she gets the hint.
Romaine lettuce and Nutrients per serving:
- Vitamin A 82%
- Vitamin C 19%
- Calcium 2%
- Iron 3%
- Vitamin K 60%
- Folate 16%
- Potassium 3%
- Manganese 4%
A cup of romaine lettuce contains 44 grams of water, which is still considered high when it comes to feeding your budgie often with it. Giving too much romaine lettuce to your pet bird will cause diarrhea.
Fun time with romaine lettuce
A budgie’s diet should consist of a variety of vegetables and fruits. Try feeding your budgie with greens like romaine lettuce occasionally, and you may just be a witness of a fun game that budgies like to play.
Hang the leaves of romaine lettuce from their cage or poke them through the bars.
This gives visual stimulation to your bird, reminding them of the natural behavior they would have in the wild. Soaking the leaves with water will enhance stimulation and not only will they start picking at the leaves, but they will also shake them and bathe in the falling water.
Budgies can have so much fun with wet lettuce leaves, but make sure it’s romaine lettuce since it has higher nutritional value. Also, although this is a fun game for your pet, avoid doing it often with lettuce, and try other dark green leaves such as spinach and chard.
Budgie nutrition with vegetables
A budgerigar or a budgie, a parakeet in American English is a seed-eating parrot with an average life span of five to eight years, but there are some reports of budgies with life expectancy up to twenty years.
Their life span depends on many factors, such as their health, lineage, breed, and diet. A well balanced, fresh, and good quality diet, will lead to a healthy, long life and a happier pet.
The vegetables that you have incorporated into their daily diet need to be chosen carefully:
- Always make sure to keep an eye on the expiry date
- Also, it is important to consider how those vegetables have been grown. Some vegetables are contaminated with pesticide residues
- Toxic substances can cause severe poisoning in birds. Such poisoning can cause significant damage to your bird’s organs or in some cases, can even be fatal
- Therefore, consider growing your own vegetables in a garden without using pesticides, or choose organic vegetables
- Make sure you always wash the vegetables thoroughly before giving it to your budgie.
Vegetables that are safe to give to your budgie and contain vitamins and minerals include the following:
- Bok Choy
- Pak Choy
- Kang Kung
- Broccoli flowerets and leaves
- Bell peppers
- Sweet corn
- Cooked sweet potato
All these veggies are full of nutrients, minerals, and antioxidants and can boost your budgie’s immune system.
How much food do budgies need?
We have explained this in detail in our budgie food article here. However, to give you an idea of how much you should feed your budgie, here is a short version:
Budgies have a high metabolism and need to eat often. A budgie’s diet should consist of 10-20% fresh vegetables and 5% fruits, every other day, or preferably every day. Since they are seed-eating parrots, their diet should consist of a variety of seeds.
Therefore you should feed your budgie with seeds and pellets daily, but 2-4 teaspoons of birdseed per day are more than enough.
A good seed mixture includes different kinds of seeds, together with vitamin pellets, dried fruits and maybe greens.
However, this doesn’t meet your bird’s needs, and it should only be a small part of a varied diet. It is safe to leave a small dish of seed mixture in your pet’s cage so it can nibble all day.
Always clean your budgie’s food dish every few days or whenever your bird makes a mess of the bowl. Budgies love their fresh fruits too, but some of them need to be de-stoned.
You should avoid giving your budgie a lot of fruits, because of the high sugar content. Most budgies will eat anything leafy and green, but you should avoid feeding it too much iceberg lettuce since it’s high in water content or cabbage because it may cause gas if overfed.
Which fruits are best to give to my budgie? Although budgies love fresh fruit, fruits should take only 5% of their diet. Fruit such as apples, bananas, cherries (de-stones), cranberries, pears, all types of melon, apricot, kiwi, grapes, papaya, plums, peaches (de-stoned) and pineapple are their favorites.
What foods are bad for budgies? Food that you should avoid giving to your budgie includes apple seeds, dairy products, chocolate, cheese, avocado, beans, eggplant, processed food like biscuits, crackers and other snacks, acidic citrus fruit, meat, salt, sugar, tomatoes, etc.
Can budgies eat dry fruit? If you offer dried fruit to your budgie, make sure there is no extra sweetener added to them as they are high in sugar. Some of the dried fruits that are safe to give to your budgie include prunes, figs, mango, papaya, or prunes. Avoid dates, raisins, and currant as they contain a lot of fructose.